The more recent the possibility of the mother will be diagnosised the infection of bigger virus HIV to transmit the virus to its baby, through maternal milk. In the case of soropositivas women during the gestation, still he remains unknown the additional paper of maternal milk in the risk of transmission of the HIV. In these cases, the risk of infection for the aleitamento seems to be less substantial of what in the cases of women who soroconverteram in the period of breast-feeding (Ortigo, 1995). The risk of transmission of the HIV for the maternal aleitamento is lesser, in which the mother already more has the drawn out infection, of what the mothers who had acquired the infection in the period of breast-feeding. The transmission of the HIV through maternal milk is possible. It is probable that the virus can be detected by culture (Thiry et al., 1985) or by PCR in the maternal milk of symptomatic soropositivas mothers or not. Antibodies had been detected anti-HIV of the classrooms IgG, IgM and IgA, in the milk of soropositivas mothers (Van de Perre et al., 1988). These antibodies, had not been detected in the soros of the same mothers, what it suggests that its synthesis if has processed in the interior of the gland, probably in answers to the presence of the virus in the fabric mammary.
The paper of these antibodies is not known, nor if they determine some protective effect against the transmission to the baby. Mothers with HIV cannot suckle, therefore the risk of approximately 14% of the baby exists if to contaminate with maternal milk, this probability increases the more recent will be the infection. However, necessity will be had as factor of survival of the child, milk can be milked of the mothers and after pasteurizao, offered to the just-been born one (Novak, 2000). HIV/AIDS acronym HIV in English means virus of the imunodeficincia human being, that is, virus that attacks the imunolgico system of the human being.