Physical appearance has played an important role during the development of history, a clear example of this today is that obtaining a good job and the design is a couple agree to it, therefore the development of medical science has collaborated with the physical appearance creating specific disciplines such as orthodontics. Orthodontics is the dental specialty responsible for diagnosis, monitoring, treatment and correction of maxillofacial such problems, some of these as the poor location of teeth, bite and jaw problems. Orthodontics makes its appearance in 1788 when Pierre Fouchard medical student decides to focus its attention on developing bone in the mouth, correcting dental malformations with the use of gold thread through pieces of silver stressed for extended periods of time, achieving and the correction of the teeth gradually. Although early orthodontic instruments were a bit rustic, results showed surprisingly advanced for time, although it is clear that the orthodontic procedures were experimental. The breakthrough of orthodontics came after 1850 when the results of dental research showed remarkable results. From here begins the great heyday orthodontic retains today.
The advancement of orthodontics to modernism occurred in the twentieth century when the use of flexible materials that do not hurt the patients was implemented, from there the use of plastic bands and the appearance of special instruments were the perfect guide to make it a conventional practice. The current orthodontic practice very often as a method of aesthetic improvement, since the results shown in this discipline opened a wide margin in relation to other practices such as cosmetic dentistry and oral surgical procedures. Orthodontics currently plays a key role in other dental disciplines, such as pediatric dentistry and general dentistry, as it is shown as a process both to improve the aesthetics and oral health of any person. There is now a branch of orthodontics especially dedicated to the implementation of this in children, this practice is very modern and is shown as an excellent option for preventing the emergence of problems in later life. Orthodontics developing various methods, they are: Orthodontic fixed appliance: this is based on adhering to the teeth a few small pieces of metal or plastic, that by means of elastic bands hold the teeth in a constant treatment, this method is the best known now, since most young people today have this treatment, usually known as braces. Orthodontics Removable: removable orthodontic system consists of a dental alignment, made with pasta and a league that holds the teeth in proper position, the advantages of this type of braces is that it be removed for eating or oral cleanliness . Orthodontics not only shown to us as an excellent choice to improve our image, but also as a way to optimal oral health problems.