What if it all gave per century XIX, necessary period so that techniques of surgery, anesthesia and asepsis in the childbirth work were developed. The institutionalized childbirth was necessary so that such techniques projected and were carried through. The first ideas of hospitalization of the childbirth appear in the Europe and Brazil if of the one from century XIX. Rio De Janeiro and Bahia had served of installation for the first facultieses where the courses of formation for obstetricians in 1832 had been created. Women would have to learn the medical and scientific teachings on the basis of.

She happens from there formation of the professional obstetrician, subordinating the rite of partejar the medical authority. Valley to remember that with the resqucios of the black slavery, the demanded norms (age, to know to read, antecedents of good customs) left of is the obstetrician layperson (SAINTS, 2004, P. 07). The transference for the hospital resulted in changes in the event of the childbirth. Make reference to reference this event Souza (2005, P. 18) it portraies that amongst them they are: the use of the bistoury and frceps, procedures as episiotomia and the cesariana, changes in the position to give birth: of the vertical position, to that lying with the legs supported in stirrups, providing to the doctor one better intervention, while of the patient is being deducted the right to choose the best form to place its son in the world, because it was stipulated that pra is better parturient to go for the hospital.

At the same time where part of the population had an affection for the diplomee obstetricians, it had a resistance on the part of great part of the population to the news conditions imposed to the event of the birth. The resistance to the internment remained per many years (SOUSA, 2005, P. 18).

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